Alaska

Record Public

Description

Alaska is a state of the United States and is located in the northwestern North America continent. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by Canada, to the west by the Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea and the south by the Pacific Ocean. Includes the Alaska Peninsula, the Aleutian Islands, the Pribilof Islands, the St. Matthew Island, St. Lawrence Island and Hall Island. The Alaska’s national park system in made up of 17 national parks and preserves, covering about 12% of the territory and 16 national wildlife refuges, covering about 18% of the territory.
In Alaska, over 300 bird species appear regularly. Highlighting the fact that in this area occurs one of the largest concentrations of waterfowl, shorebirds and seabirds in the world, as nesting or staging area.

Ornithological importance

Alaska’s breeding seabird population is estimated to be about 50 million birds composed of 35 species. Highlight to the Least Auklet (Aethia pusilla), Crested Auklet (Aethia cristatella), Thick-billed Guillemot (Uria lomvia), Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata), Common Guillemot (Uria aalge), Northern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis), Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla), Red-legged Kittiwake (Rissa brevirostris), Horned Puffin (Fratercula corniculata), Leach's Storm-petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa), Red-faced Cormorant (Phalacrocorax urile) and Fork-tailed Storm-petrel (Oceanodroma furcata) . Alaska’s breeding waterfowl population is estimated to be about 20% of American’s waterfowl (at least 36 species). Highlight to the Brent Goose (Branta bernicla), Emperor Goose (Chen canagica), Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons), Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii), Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Spectacled Eider (Somateria fischeri), King Eider (Somateria spectabilis), Steller's Eider (Polysticta stelleri), Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis), White-winged Scoter (Melanitta fusca), Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata), Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus) and the Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinators). Alaska’s breeding shorebird population is estimated to be between 7 and 12 million birds composed of 37 species (regular breeders). Of these, highlight the species for which Alaska hosts the most if not all of breeding population: Bristle-thighed Curlew (Numenius tahitiensis), Black Turnstone (Arenaria melanocephala), Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri) and Surfbird (Aphriza virgata). Highlight also to the McKay's Bunting (Plectrophenax hyperboreus) that only nests in Alaska.

Geographic information

65.558778°, -151.771273°
1723336.570km²

Territories

Habitats

Information not yet available

Threats

Information not yet available

Land uses

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Conservation status

Information not yet available
Information in English

Public records

Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Aniakchak National Monument

Specific conservation status: Natural monument

Aniakchak National Preserve

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Becharof National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Bering Land Bridge National Preserve

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Cape Krusenstern National Monument

Specific conservation status: Natural monument

Denali National Park

Specific conservation status: National Park

Izembek Lagoon National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve, Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)

Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Kenai National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Selawik National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Togiak National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve

Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge

Specific conservation status: National Reserve
Information not yet available.