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Portugal is Europe's most western country. Its territory includes part of the Iberian Peninsula and two archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean: the archipelago of Madeira and the Azores.
Their national network of protected areas covers 8% of the territory. Natura 2000 network covers approximately 20% of the mainland, 40% of Madeira and 16% of the Azores.
In Portugal, over 300 bird species appear regularly. Highlight to the presence of species whose distribution is restricted to the Mediterranean basin, its territory take part in 2 migration routes (the trans-Saharan and seabirds and shorebirds), exist in the archipelagos 5 endemic species and important seabird colonies and in the islands of Azores rare species could be found in the Western Palearctic.

Ornithological importance

In Portugal 5 endemic species occur, three in Madeira archipelago: Madeira Laurel Pigeon (Columba trocaz), Madeira Kinglet (Regulus madeirensis) and Zino's Petrel (Pterodroma madeira) and two in the Azores archipelago: the Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina) and Monteiro's Storm-petrel (Oceanodroma monteiroi). Equally of notice is the occurrence in the Madeira archipelago of Berthelot’s Pipit (Anthus berthelotii) and Fea's Petrel (Pterodroma feae), which are endemic to Macaronesia, and the appearence off the coast of mainland Portugal of one of the world's rarer shearwaters: Balearic shearwater(Puffinus mauretanicus). In mainland Portugal, highlighting the occurrence of the Great Bustard (Otis tarda), the Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila adalberti) the Back-bellied Sandgrouse (Pterocles orientalis), the Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio Porphyrio), the Black Wheatear (Oenanthe leucura), the Spotless Starling (Sturnus unicolor), the Iberian Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus ibericus) and Azure-winged Magpie (Cyanopica cyanus).

Geographic information

36.806113°, -21.592480°
0m - 2351m



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Land uses

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Conservation status

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Information in English
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