Algarve

Record Public

Description

This area is located at the southern end of continental Portugal, and is bordered in the north by Alentejo, in the east by Spain and in the south and west by the Atlantic Ocean. This area can be divided into 4 regions: the maritime area, the coastline, the “barrocal” (transition area) and the mountains. The maritime area is located at the confluence of the Mediterranean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean, between Europe and Africa. It features a shallow and narrow continental shelf with deep submarine valleys (canyons). The coastline is the area wich concentrates the main urban centers, and where we can find these habitats: sandy beaches, dunes, estuaries, salt marshes, saltpans, coastal lagoons, reedbeds, watercourses, cliffs, urban and industrial areas, farmlands, woods and forests. The barrocal is a transition area between the coast and the mountains in which there are the following habitats: hills, valleys, rocky outcrops with steep or rugged slopes, watercourses with riparian forests, farmlands with orange trees and mixed dryland orchards, woods and forests. The mountains consist of the ranges of "Caldeirão", "Espinhaço de Cão" and "Monchique" and in which there are the following habitats: mountains, valleys, rivers with riparian vegetation, farmlands, woods and forests. The forests consist of oak trees, oaks, pines and chestnut trees.

Ornithological importance

In this area there is a record of 386 species. In this area are located two of the major wetlands of Portugal, the "Ria Formosa" and the "Castro Marim" salt marsh, the Sagres peninsula is an important area for the autumn migratory route of prey birds or soaring birds, and the sea zone is also important for the autumn migratory route of marine birds. Highlight to the Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus), the Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus), the Short-toed Snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus), the White-rumped Swift (Apus caffer), the Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo), the European Honey-buzzard (Pernis apivorus), the Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio), the Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), the Northern Gannet (Sula bassana), the Audouin's Gull (Larus audouinii), the Red-billed Chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax), the Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus), the Balearic Shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus), the Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus), the Azure-winged Magpie (Cyanopica cyanus) and Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca).

Geographic information

37.213443°, -8.201939°

Territories

Habitats

Information not yet available

Threats

Information not yet available

Land uses

Information not yet available

Conservation status

  • Nature Park
    • Parque Natural da Ria Formosa
      Decreto-Lei nº 373/87, de 9 de Dezembro, alterado pelo Decreto-Lei nº 99-A/2009, de 29 de Abril;
      No
  • Nature Park
    • Parque Natural do Sudoeste Alentejano e Costa Vicentina
      Decreto Regulamentar nº 26/95, de 21 de Setembro
      No
  • Nature Reserve
    • Reserva Natural do Sapal de Castro Marim e Vila Real de Santo António
      Decreto nº 162/75 de 27 de Março
      No
      Since 03/27/1975
  • Classified Site
    • Sítio classificado da Fonte Benémola
      Decreto-lei 142/2008 de 24 de Julho e Aviso n.º20717/2010, 18 Outubro, DR 2.ªsérie e Declaração Rectificação n.º2210/2010, 29 Out., DR.2.ªsérie
      No
  • Special Protection Area (SPA) - National
    • Costa Sudoeste
      No
  • Special Protection Area (SPA) - National
    • Sapais de Castro Marim
      PTZPE0018
      Dec. Lei nº 384-B/99, de 23 de Setembro
      No
  • Special Protection Area (SPA) - National
    • Ria Formosa
      Decreto-Lei nº 384-B/99, de 23 de Setembro
      No
  • Special Area of Conservation (SAC) - Natura 2000
    • Ria Formosa - Castro Marim
      Resolução do Conselho de Ministros nº 142/97, de 28 de Agosto
      No
  • Biogenetic Reserve
    • Ponta de Sagres
      No
  • Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)
    • Ria Formosa
      No
  • Local protected landscape
    • Paisagem protegida local da Rocha da Pena
      Aviso n.º20717/2010, 18 outubro, DR 2.ªsérie e Declaração Retificação n.º2210/2010, 29 outubro, DR 2.ªsérie
      No
Information in English

Public records

Baixo Guadiana

Not specific conservation status: Special Protection Area (SPA) - National, Nature Reserve, Special Area of Conservation (SAC) - Natura 2000, Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)

Leixão da Gaivota

Specific conservation status: Important bird area (IBA), Special Protection Area (SPA) - National, Special Protection Area (SPA) - International

Península de Sagres

Not specific conservation status: Biogenetic Reserve, Special Protection Area (SPA) - National, Nature Park

Ponta Piedade

Specific conservation status: Important bird area (IBA)

Ria de Alvor

Not specific conservation status: Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)

Ria Formosa

Not specific conservation status: Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar), Special Protection Area (SPA) - National, Nature Park, Special Area of Conservation (SAC) - Natura 2000

Salgados lagoon

Specific conservation status: Important bird area (IBA)

Sapais de Castro Marim

Not specific conservation status: Important bird area (IBA), Special Protection Area (SPA) - National, Nature Reserve, Special Area of Conservation (SAC) - Natura 2000, Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)

Serra de Monchique

Specific conservation status: Important bird area (IBA)
Not specific conservation status: Special Area of Conservation (SAC) - Natura 2000

Vilamoura

Specific conservation status: Important bird area (IBA)
  • Guia de observação de aves no algarve, Turismo de Portugal, Algarve
Information not yet available.