Bhitarkanika Mangroves

Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)
Record Public


This area is located in the northeast coast of India, and includes a one of the largest and best preserved mangrove forest along Indian coast.
In the area there are the following habitats: sandy beaches, sand dunes, streams, tidal mudflats, and mangrove forests.

Ornithological importance

In this area there is a record of at least 174 species, of which 82 species have been recorded to breed here. One of the largest heron colony in India is located in this area. The breeding herons in this colony are Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans), Great Egret (Casmerodius albus), Intermediate Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta), Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis), Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea), Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea), Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), and Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus). The Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) and Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) also breeds in Bhitarkanika.

Geographic information

20.650000°, 86.900000°
0m - 4m



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Land uses

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Conservation status

Information in English
Information not yet available
  • Ramsar
  • Dr. Sudhakar Kar, Checklist of birds in the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, Orissa
Information not yet available.