Arctic Loon

Gavia arctica (Linnaeus, 1758)

Summary

Species adapted to aquatic life and to dive at lower temperatures, with a hydrodynamic body, dense plumage, optimized legs for aquatic locomotion, preventing efficient terrestrial locomotion.
Its population is very large (the number of effectives are around hundreds of thousands of individuals) and has an extremely large area of distribution (mainly in the Palearctic region). Migratory species, nesting in Arctic regions, sub-arctic and temperate regions of Europe and Asia, in large, deep freshwater lakes and wintering mainly in sheltered coasts in temperate regions of Europe and Asia.
The evolution trend of the global populations shows a slight decrease.

Global conservation status

Least concern (IUCN ver. 3.1, 2010)
EXEWCRENVUNTLC
More information

Common names

  • Arctic Loon
  • Black-throated Diver

Subspecies

Information not yet available

Behavior

Information not yet available

Flight

Information not yet available

Habitat

It nests in the Arctic regions, sub-arctic and temperate regions of Europe and Asia, in large, deep freshwater lakes or sea bays without waves and wintering mainly in sheltered coasts but also in large lakes, large rivers and reservoirs in temperate regions of Europe and Asia.

Feed

It feeds mainly on fish but also crustaceans, aquatic insects and plant material.

Breeding

Information not yet available

Predators

Information not yet available

Threats

Information not yet available
Information in English
Information not yet available
Breeding migrant Winter migrant